Water-loving, intelligent, social relative of the American Crow. Common along coast and waterways in the East; also in urban and agricultural areas. Large, all black with a heavy bill; distinct “rowing” flight style. Slightly smaller than American Crow but best separated by more nasal voice; may be in mixed flocks with American Crows. Omnivorous, and often predate other birds’ nests. Nest built by female, often on top of a tree. Lifespan up to 14 years. Population ~ 450,000 and increasing; endemic to the US.