Brilliantly marked, shy, ground-foraging, and migratory. Common throughout North America; many migrate south in winter; prefers woodlands, forest edges and parks. Large woodpecker, with thin, curved bill; tan with black stripes above, pale with spots below; red nape; bright gold underwing, white rump. Loud call is often heard. Often forages on ground for insects; also eats seeds and berries, especially in winter. Usually excavate nest in dead tree. Lifespan up to 9 years. Population ~ 9 million and declining.