Diminutive, active woodpecker. Resident across much of North America. Prefers woodlands, brushy edges and parks, as well as feeders. Our smallest woodpecker, with black back, checkered wings, short chisel bill, striped head, and sometimes red cap or patch. Undulating flight. Often seen probing bark or even reeds and grass stems for insects; supplements diet with some plant material. May be found in mixed flocks in winter. Often heard drumming acts as a song (not for feeding). Lifespan up to 11 years. Population ~ 14 million and increasing.