Adaptive, persistent dove of deserts and cities. Common in coastal Southeast, south and west Texas, and parts of the Southwest. Timing: Southwest in summer; winter and year-round in the Southeast. Prefers desert habitat in SW and cities and suburbs in SE; common vagrant. Large dove with a narrow bill; plumage is brown, white, black. Dependent on Saguaro cactus in the desert. Actively expanding their range. Diet includes grains, fruits and seeds: vegetarian. Oldest wild individual recorded was 21. Population ~ 5 million.